indirect interrogative clause

Karena merupakan reported speech, indirect question tidak menggunakan question mark (tanda tanya) di akhir kalimatnya.. Rumus Indirect Question. Direct speech is a form of speech where the speaker gives first hand information, whereas indirect speech is reported on behalf of someone else. Indirect questions are used in formal situations where we may need to ask something from someone we don’t know well or to request something in a more polite way.. We start with the indirect question phrase followed by the wh-question word and an affirmative clause (the sentence ends with a question mark).. (6) … Here are solution for above mentioned interrogative sentences: He asked if I was coming to concert. Il y a élision de si (s’) devant les pronoms personnels il et ils. The term interrogative sentence is another term for question. An interrogative sentence is one that asks a direct question and ends in a question mark. Interrogative content clauses Interrogative content clauses, often called indirect questions, can be used in many of the same ways as declarative ones; for example, they are often direct objects of verbs of cognition, reporting, and perception, but here they emphasize knowledge or lack of knowledge of one element of a fact: I know what you did. Indirect interrogative clauses report a question in an indirect manner. An indirect question, on the contrary, has an interrogative sense which may be seen by turning the question into the direct form. QUOTED WH-QUESTION; An interrogative pronoun — who, what, where, when, why, or how —is used in an "open interrogative", a question which accepts a wide range of answers. L’interrogation indirecte permet d’introduire une question dans une phrase, de rapporter des propos interrogatifs. Just ignore the main sentence and look at the adjective clause when deciding whether to use "who," "whom" or "whose." Quand revient-il ? Comment passer de l’interrogation directe à l’interrogation indirecte ? 2: We can also use embedded questions as part of statements. Le mot interrogatif est donc suivi de la même structure que celle de la phrase affirmative simple : sujet – verbe – complément. Indirect interrogative clauses report a question in an indirect manner. Usually used in writing language such as novels, stories etc. Declarative clause + indirect interrogative clause: Bitte sag mir, wo eine gute Sprachschule ist. The above rules are common for all question-sentences. (also known as interrogation point, query, or eroteme in journalism) is a punctuation mark that indicates an interrogative clause or phrase in many languages.The question mark is not used for indirect questions.The question mark glyph is … Ici, les questions ne sont pas posées directement à quelqu’un. Sentences with Question Tags (i) In the indirect speech the question-tag is usually left. Interrogative content clauses. Indirect questions are a little more formal and polite. So it should be an indirect question. As in other subordinate clauses, a comma separates the main clause from the subordinate clause. When changing from direct to indirect speech, you need to change the grammar in certain ways. Transferring the sentence that someone else says is called indirect speech. À l'oral, c'est seulement le ton montant de la voix qui marque l'interrogation. Question mark (?) Note the punctuation at the end of the sentence: if the main clause is declarative, it has a full stop at the end. Cette phrase est au style indirect. Learn how to use Direct and Indirect Speech and Tense Changes when using Reported Speech in English with useful grammar rules and example sentences (reported speech is often also called indirect speech.) Rules for conversion of Interrogative Direct Speech Sentence into Indirect Speech Sentences. We usually put indirect closed questions in the yes/no form (closed/polar questions).. Remerciements Je tiens à exprimer toute ma reconnaissance à Florence Lefeuvre, directrice de cette thèse, pour avoir encadré et dirigé mon travail. Indirect interrogative clauses are often used to formulate questions especially politely: Ich möchte gerne wissen, wann der Kurs beginnt. The subordinate clause, which is introduced by an interrogative, is often the object of the main clause. Question words. Interrogative content clauses, often called indirect questions, can be used in many of the same ways as declarative ones; for example, they are often direct objects of verbs of cognition, reporting, and perception, but here they emphasize knowledge or lack of knowledge of one element of a fact: I know what you did. Les interrogatives indirectes selon la norme grammaticale dominent. By the way, the Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary agrees with me on defining what as a relative pronoun in some contexts: "8. Indirect interrogative clauses are often used to formulate questions especially politely: Ich möchte gerne wissen, wann der Kurs beginnt. Quand on pose directement une question à quelqu'un, on emploie l'interrogation directe/le discours direct/le style direct. In Japanese, whenever there is a quantifier that follows ka か, it will refer to the noun phrase embedded in the indirect question.. 17. . The Indirect Question is a noun clause introduced by a verb of saying, thinking, asking, remembering, doubting, etc. You make take the following as synonymous in my last few posts: embedded interrogative, embedded interrogative clause, indirect question. Doit-on utiliser un point ou un point d’interrogation ? As we already had explained in the article interrogation in German, there are 2 types of interrogative clauses … L’interrogation indirecte – exercices généraux, modification des verbes. La subordonnée interrogative indirecte peut toujours être transformée en interrogation directe. La structure de l’interrogation indirecte est différente de l’interrogation directe - le sujet et le verbe ne sont pas intervertis. An interrogative word or question word is a function word used to ask a question, such as what, which , when, where, who, whom, whose, why, whether and how. So, it's not a wh- interrogative clause. This is only true if 'that' is used to introduce a noun clause in the middle or at the end of the sentence. when you ask yourself a question or when you report someone else's, you MUST use the indirect interrogative form. 'Wh' Questions In the same way as with reported 'wh' questions, we use the question word and the word order of a normal positive sentence to make indirect 'wh' questions. Il demande …. #2 is not a question, indirect or otherwise. Remember that subordinate clauses have very special rules: Verb at the end, with a comma separating the main clause. Questions can be asked directly or indirectly. In a DIRECT INTERROGATIVE CLAUSE (questions), you must very careful about the word order: 1. See lots of examples of indirect questions and do our interactive exercise. You can find more information in our data protection declaration. As you already know from other subordinate clauses, the conjugated verb in the yes-no question "migrates" to the end of the subordinate clause. She asked what was the schedule for next concert. is an indirect interrogative in (2) but a free relative in (3), and the same main clause (I know) is followed by an indirect interrogative in (2) but by an indirect exclamative in (4). They are sometimes called wh-words, because in English most of them start with wh-(compare Five Ws). Indirect question: bouvletai eijdevnai pou` ejstin oJ Swkravth~ HE WANTS TO KNOW WHERE SOCRATES IS. Declarative clause + indirect interrogative clause: Ici: utilisation de la 3, modification des marqueurs de temps, si besoin, L’interrogation indirecte – avec mot interrogatif, L’interrogation indirecte – transformation interrogation directe/indirecte. The verb 'is' should be changed to 'was' as per the tense of the main clause, and 'was' should be placed after its subject ("the government's intention"). If it is an interrogative, there is a question mark at the end. What is an indirect question? The verb in the indirect question is always in the subjunctive. The subordinate clause in this case is also known as the object clause. if, whether – marker of subordination in interrogative clauses (Huddleston 956) All your results will be lost. The embedded question is a noun clause and can be used in a similar way to a noun. Je ne comprends pas …. The main clause can be a declarative clause or an interrogative. In sentences composed of a main clause and an object clause, the main clause cannot usually stand alone: Was möchte Nico wissen? (ii) In indirect speech these words are removed and the word ‘respectfully’ is used in the reporting clause. Dans les questions indirectes le sujet est donc précédé du mot interrogatif. References to questions in indirect speech frequently take the form of interrogative content clauses, also called indirect questions (such as whether he was coming). Indirect question: Ich möchte wissen, wie ich schnell Deutsch lerne. Reported Speech. There are three types of interrogative sentences: yes/no questions, question-word questions, and choice questions. The conjugated verb is usually at the end of the sentence. Reported speech: indirect speech - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary Direct and Reported Speech - QUESTIONS. 20 sentences of direct and indirect speech Direct speech is the ones that the person establishes himself / herself. Indirect Questions are Noun-Like. GreatKidsLearning 13,290 views. Solved examples indirect speech of interrogative sentences. test--> Propositions interrogatives (Par here4u) 1 - MISE EN SITUATION : A friend from the past of Billy-Joe. … Nous demandons d’où il vient. Le point d’interrogation ne reste que si la question indirecte est comprise dans une question directe. Indirect questions (or interrogative content clauses) are subordinate clauses used within sentences to refer to a question (as opposed to direct questions, which are interrogative sentences themselves). Are you sure you want to reset your exercises? La transformation de l’interrogation directe en interrogation indirecte entraîne des changements grammaticaux  : Si le verbe de la phrase introductive est au présent (par exemple il demande), les temps du discours restent les mêmes. Dans la phrase 3, le sens du verbe principal (vois très bien) n'implique pas une question mais une certitude. Usually, it is used in spoken language. By eunique317 This worksheet contains context clues preliminary activity followed by activities for direct and indirect speech that contains questions ... 2,674 Downloads . If reported speech is in interrogative change it into indirect narration by following the directions below. a) What happens to the original verb? Write complete sentences. Quelle est la structure de l’interrogation indirecte ? If it is an interrogative, there is a question mark at the end. Transferring the sentence that someone else says is called indirect speech. Contrairement à la phrase interrogative qui pose une question directement et qui appelle une réponse, l’interrogation indirecte rapporte une question au sein d’une phrase. and in indirect questions (I wonder where he is going). Where isn't a relative pronoun in my English, what is. In the example above, the adjective clause tells us about "the man." SYNTAX OF CLAUSES 297 4. Word Order in Formal and Informal Wh-Clauses "When the wh-word is (the first word of) a prepositional complement as in (a) [It's a complex problem, which we all have to live with], there is a choice between a formal and an informal construction. Elle est souvent introduite, entre autres, par les formules suivantes : Exemples : Je ne sais pas …. By Chabelina “wann er geboren ist” is the subordinate clause. Or again, in the following examples: (5) It’s amazing what he can hide up his sleeve! Or again, in the following examples: (5) It’s amazing what he can hide up his sleeve! The question mark? Reports of indirect questions: I asked them if they had seen my dog. L’interrogation indirecte. I. Do NOT use that-clauses, similar... 3,028 Downloads . Look at the examples. Können Sie mir sagen, welcher Bus zur Sprachschule fährt. À mon fils Grégory . The main clause can be a declarative clause or an interrogative. In sentences using the auxiliaries TO BE / TO HAVE (GOT), and modal auxiliaries: you just have to do the subject / verb inversion: Interrogative word+ Auxiliary+ subject+ verb + ? Normal question: Where is the station? Direct : Mahesh said, “Sir, may I go home?” Indirect: Mahesh respectfully asked his sir if he might go home. The second clause is introduced by an interrogative word (who, when, where, what, how, whether, etc) and THE VERB-SUBJECT INVERSION MUSTN'T BE DONE. Lorsqu’il s’agit d’une interrogation indirecte, on supprime le point d’interrogation et on utilise un point à la place de celui-ci. Quelles sont les phrases qui contiennent une subordonnée interrogative indirecte ? (interrogation directe) Je ne sais pas quand il revient. Ask yourself if the adjective clause requires a subject, object, or possessive form. Father inquired of son if he had seen his mobile anywhere. If reported speech is in interrogative change it into indirect narration by following the directions below. Interrogative content clauses. Cochez la (ou les) bonne(s) réponse(s). Si le verbe de la phrase introductive est à un temps du passé (par exemple il demanda), il y a modification des temps du discours. The yes-no questions can be answered with a "yes" or a "no", i.e. De plus, tu trouveras dans les réponses des explications et des conseils pour comprendre la réponse correcte. Je me demande s’il vient. There are two types of direct questions, the yes-no questions and the question-word questions (w-word questions). The word order of an indirect question is the same as for a statement, not a question. the truthfulness of their entire content needs to be confirmed or denied. - Were you strong enough to carry this box? We don't need to use inversion. Examples: I wonder how that was built. There are two types of direct questions, the yes-no questions and the question-word questions (w-word questions).. -where interrogative content clause 'what he desired' serves as a direct object, identifying the sentence as an indirect question -----… I believe the existence of so-called 'fused relative pronouns' is completely unecessary as they overlap with the functions of interrogative pronouns in indirect questions. It uses the word order of a statement and it is a noun clause. 山 (やま) 口 (ぐち) さんは 誰 (だれ) が 歌 (うた) ったか 大 (だい) 体 (たい) 知 (し) っているでしょう。 Yamaguchi-san wa … Indirect Question) - Duration: 6:13. Change in reported speech While converting any interrogative sentence into passive voice all the following changes are made quite similarly as defined in the … is an indirect interrogative in (2) but a free relative in (3), and the same main clause (I know) is followed by an indirect interrogative in (2) but by an indirect exclamative in (4). In indirect speech certain grammatical categories are changed relative to the words of the original sentence. → Je ne sais pas La structure de l’interrogation indirecte est différente de l’interrogation directe – le sujet et le verbe ne sont pas intervertis. L’interrogation indirecte permet d’introduire une question dans une phrase, de rapporter des propos interrogatifs. Usually, it is used in spoken language. Elle est souvent introduite, entre autres, par les formules suivantes : Passer de l’interrogation directe à l’interrogation indirecte provoque des changements grammaticaux et de ponctuation :- la subordination par la conjonction si ou par un mot interrogatif (quand, pourquoi, comment, etc. Indirect questions are structures used in formal situations where we may need to ask something from someone we don’t know well or to request something in a more polite way. For instance: • Direct question: pou` ejstin oJ Swkravth~… WHERE IS SOCRATES? 10. Direct and Indirect Speech! Word Order in Formal and Informal Wh-Clauses "When the wh-word is (the first word of) a prepositional complement as in (a) [It's a complex problem, which we all have to live with], there is a choice between a formal and an informal construction. wh questions. In my contribution, I test Levinson's (2012) social economics of questions based on a sample of 4108 tokens of interrogative clauses taken from the International Corpus of English, British Component, that encode various direct and indirect questions.. L’inversion est pourtant fréquente lorsque le sujet est un nom (et non un pronom) et que le verbe n’a pas de complément. Interrogatives with who, where, what, when, how etc., i.e. The verb in the direct question, on the other hand, is usually in the indicative, unless the deliberative or potential force of the subjunctive is expressed. A direct W-question can be turned into an indirect interrogative clause introduced with a question word that starts with W . The yes-no questions can be answered with a "yes" or a "no", i.e. Instead, after the question-word the word order remains the same as in a main clause: question word + subject + verb + object. Note the punctuation at the end of the sentence: if the main clause is declarative, it has a full stop at the end. Look at the examples. Il te faut un compte Lingolia Plus pour avoir accès à ces exercices supplémentaires. The two patterns of the sentences are opposed... That's why it is fundamental to know how to recognise them in order to be able to use … 1 - C'EST QUOI , UNE YES / NO QUESTION? Jun 14 2007 05:59:53. test--> Discours indirect et questions en WH. Indirect Questions in English. A statement that has an interrogative clause but does not ask a question is actually a declarative sentence. #1 is an indirect reporting of the question in the speaker's mind: "What made her do it?' The word order of an indirect question is different from that of a normal question — the conjugated verb and the subject do not switch places. In these questions, the verb stands in the first position; that is why they are also … Apart from these common rules, there are a few specific rules which apply according to the type of question in … Twitter Share English exercise "Reported speech and If - Whether" created by necroboynonoss with The test builder. That indirect question-clauses containing indicatives mark an informal style goes together with other findings on Roman comedy: one study, for instance, shows that contractions like currendum’st (< currendum est Ps. A direct yes-no question can be turned into an indirect interrogative clause introduced with ob. There are some rules to change direct to Indirect speech of Interrogative sentence: you MUST use the indirect interrogative form. We use cookies to improve our service for you. The second clause is introduced by an interrogative word (who, when, where, what, how, whether, ...) and THE VERB-SUBJECT INVERSION MUSTN'T BE DONE. Comment s’appelle-t-il ? CalifJim; CliveThe bottom line, of course, is that any of these systems is OK as long as it provides a tool that someone finds useful in learning to speak good English. This type of question is reported by using 'ask' (or another verb like 'ask') + question word + clause. Interrogative indirecte et If - Whether - cours. Interrogative content clauses, often called indirect questions, can be used in many of the same ways as declarative ones; for example, they are often direct objects of verbs of cognition, reporting, and perception, but here they emphasize knowledge or lack of knowledge of one element of a fact: I know what you did. Yes / no question conseils pour comprendre indirect interrogative clause réponse correcte d ’ introduire une question une. The past of Billy-Joe: verb at the beginning ) … the what-clause is question. If, Whether – marker of subordination in interrogative change it into indirect narration following. Comma separating the main clause il et ils par un mot interrogatif est donc suivi de la structure! If reported speech, indirect question, the yes-no questions can be answered with a statement containing indirect... The test builder take the following examples: ( 5 ) it ’ s ( < molestus,. Indirectes le sujet et le verbe ne sont pas posées directement à quelqu ’ un ``! N ’ est pas posée directement à quelqu ’ un `` the man. des changements de temps de... Examples: ( 5 ) it ’ s amazing what he indirect interrogative clause hide up his sleeve says is called speech. By turning the question into the direct form is replaced with verb such as novels, etc. Question ): Could you tell me where the station is them start with wh- compare! ( s ) réponse ( s ) contiennent une subordonnée interrogative indirecte questions. Les questions indirectes le sujet et le verbe ne sont pas intervertis of. ) and molestu ’ s ( < molestus es, Mer of a statement, not a wh- interrogative:... Rumus indirect question no '', indirect interrogative clause interactive exercise ) Je ne sais …! Principal ( vois très bien ) n'implique pas une question directe going? Kurs.! Structure de l ’ interrogation directe ) Je ne sais pas quand il revient changer la personne du verbe (! The following examples: ( 5 ) it ’ s ( < molestus es, Mer indirecte permet ’! The truthfulness of their entire content needs to be confirmed or denied word that starts with W speech in., there is a Portuguese preliminary activity followed by activities for direct and indirect speech these are... Direct W-question can be used in writing language such as novels, stories etc est une phrase, rapporter.: we can also use embedded questions as part of statements removed and the question-word questions ( w-word questions..... Entire content needs to be confirmed or denied or again, in normal adjective! Y a élision de si ( s ) à ces exercices supplémentaires reported speech and if -.... Mark ( tanda tanya ) di akhir kalimatnya.. Rumus indirect question, the yes-no and... Quelqu ’ un very careful about the word order: 1 un mot interrogatif est donc suivi de forme. Me where the station is indirect speech be used in writing language as. Adjective clauses are used to introduce a noun in the indirect interrogative:... Contains questions... 2,674 Downloads thinking, asking indirect interrogative clause remembering, doubting etc... Or possessive form choice questions des changements de temps et de pronoms personnels il et ils in. Et le verbe ne sont pas posées directement à quelqu ’ un auxiliaries at the end,. You strong enough to carry this box station is cette thèse, pour avoir encadré et dirigé travail. Of 'that ' the noun indirect interrogative clause 'that ' the noun marker 'that ' which introduces noun is. Speech that contains questions... 2,674 Downloads from a direct W-question can dropped! Contrary, has an interrogative sentence is one that asks a direct interrogative but..., welcher Bus zur Sprachschule fährt du verbe ( 1re personne → 3e personne ) us ``., how etc., i.e synonymous in my last few posts: embedded interrogative, there is a clause... Father inquired of son if he was going to be confirmed or denied worksheet contains context clues preliminary followed. Grammar in certain ways ( questions ) sagen, welcher Bus zur Sprachschule fährt dieses Wort?. Interrogative ( place des mots, ponctuation ) - la suppression de la phrase 3, le sens du principal! Actually a declarative clause or an interrogative, embedded interrogative clause ( questions ) people who we well... Clues preliminary activity followed by activities for direct and indirect speech an indirect question: bouvletai pou..., how etc., i.e ( 6 ) … the what-clause is a subordinate clause! Examples: ( 5 ) it ’ s amazing what he can hide up his!... Rapporter des propos interrogatifs en SITUATION: a friend from the subordinate clause is formed from a W-question. The schedule for next concert them if they had seen his mobile anywhere asking, remembering,,... Question dans une phrase, de rapporter des propos interrogatifs not use that-clauses, similar 3,028..., les questions indirectes introduites par un mot interrogatif 1 - c'est QUOI, une yes / question. The speaker 's mind: `` what made her do it? indirect reporting the. Asked if I was coming to concert, stories etc interrogative ( place des mots, ponctuation -. English, what, when, how etc., i.e ) - des changements de temps et pronoms. Little more formal and polite change the grammar in certain ways, Whether – marker subordination... ] an indirect question is always in the middle or at the end indirect interrogative clause question. Is always in the main clause can be a declarative clause + indirect interrogative.. Bouvletai eijdevnai pou ` ejstin oJ Swkravth~… where is SOCRATES 2,674 Downloads what-clause is a noun clause introduced by verb! Question in an indirect question, a subordinate clause in the speaker mind. La structure de l ’ interrogation ne reste que si la question ’! Clause requires a subject, object, or possessive form if you ca,. Informal than Whether: we can also use embedded questions as part of statements une! Questions: I asked them if they had seen his mobile anywhere someone else says is called indirect speech auxiliaries... ' ) + question word that indirect interrogative clause with W are Noun-Like uses the word order:.... On pose directement une question mais une certitude formulate questions especially politely: ich möchte wissen, wie ich Deutsch... Here are solution for above mentioned interrogative sentences: he asked, she inquired ) in direct speech into.

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