The INFINITIVE mood is a VERBAL NOUN. The infinitive mood is a form of the verb. In other instances, the complementary infinitive is not a direct object of the verb, but functions along the lines of an ACCUSATIVE OF RESPECT (S 1600). The first is to use the Accusative and Infinitive Construction, where the subject of the indirect statement is put in the accusative case and the verb in the infinitive mood. You can create a new user account, and confirm your email ID in order to obtain ability to edit pages. This happens quite often in Patristic writings and it is good to keep this quote handy from Donald J. Mastronarde’s book, Introduction to Attic Greek. Direct: οὗτός ἐστι ποιητής. Mood. For example, in the sentence I begged her to free my horses, both the subject of the infinitive (her) and the direct object of the infinitive (the horses) are DIRECT OBJECTS. The article is occasionally omitted if the infinitive is being used in the NOMINATIVE or ACCUSATIVE case. FINITE VERBS are verbs that are limited or defined by their personal endings. The infinitive, in other words, expresses the respect in which a particular verb (e.g., δυνάμαι, be able, can) is true. The infinitive is used to indicate the ‘purpose’ or ‘goal’ of its controlling verb. The infinitive is indeclinable and personal endings are missing. "to destroy" = λυειν). ἡγοῦνται μὲν τὸν ἥλιον θεὸν εἶναι, πιστεύουσι δὲ τὴν Δημήτερα θεὸν εἶναι. In other words, if a given verb form has an ending that indicates person and number, it is FINITE (S 357). Sometimes it will be preceded by the genitive article του. An infinitive preceded by the word `ωστε communicates that a result has been achieved. You will also learn how to conjugate verbs in one tense: the present active indicative. To avoid potential confusion, the SUBJECT ACCUSATIVE usually precedes any other accusatives in the infinitive phrase. INFINITIVE = Tense, Voice, Mood. distinction is made between immediate or single actions versus continuous or customary actions. However (! For example: The word ὥστε, when used as a conjunction, means so (that) or that. In Greek, substantival infinitives are often found with the article. Most of the infinitives that we have encountered in our readings so far have been COMPLEMENTARY INFINITIVES. The INFINITIVE is a common mood in Greek, and appears in almost any paragraph of Greek that you will read. For this construction, note the following: An INDIRECT STATEMENT (sometimes called INDIRECT DISCOURSE) is a subordinate clause that is introduced by a verb of mental action, such as saying, thinking, and perceiving. Note to users: The wiki is currently operating in safe mode. Note also that the infinitive phrase itself often has two DIRECT OBJECTS. There are four moods in Greek. If the subordinate clause construction is used, it is introduced by either ὅτι or ὡς, two words that we already encountered as conjunctions meaning because and as, respectively. Translate each of the following sentences into English. The indicative mood is, in general, the mood of assertion, or presentation of certainty. Its significance in Greek can never be appreciated until this fact is recognized. it does not last up until the present time). In this lesson, we introduce another mood: the SUBJUNCTIVE. The infinitive takes on a different use if an article is found in front of it. This article is not translated, since the article is never used with an infinitive in English. Conditions. Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The Greek infinitive is the form of the verb that is usually translated into English with the word "to" attached to it, often used to complement another verb. Infinitive is a linguistics term referring to certain verb forms existing in many languages, most often used as non-finite verbs. Like infinitives, gerunds function as nouns, including serving as subjects or objects of a verb, or as objects of a preposition. Be sure to watch for tenses of the infinitive, and observe the clues that the Greek word order gives. Direct: αὕτη τοὺς ἵππους μου λύειν ἐθέλει. When used to introduce an indirect statement, however, both are translated as that (S 2577). Subjunctive: (arranged beneath) describes something that might or may be ie is the mood of possibility. "to destroy" = λυειν). Infinitive: (not indicated) a verbal noun, has tense (present, aorist, perfect) and voice, but no person or number. Body. Other mental action verbs, such as order, beg, remind, and advise, take an INFINITIVE PHRASE in English. But note also that some complementary infinitives are in reality substantives, serving essentially as the DIRECT OBJECT of finite verbs. It is used when referring to an event that took place prior to the time frame being considered. Some grammarians make two forms in English: (a) The simple form, as, speak, go, hear, before which to is commonly placed, as, to speak; to go; to hear. V-PMN = Verb - Present Middle Infinitive. Before we discuss a few of the common uses of the infinitive, let us review some concepts. All indirect statements are underlined. `ωστε can thus be translated as "with the result that" or "consequently". Thus to go is an infinitive (Gram.) The most familiar mood is the indicative. Using λυω, the different forms of the infinitive are. Revelation 13:10. This is the mood of assertion or presentation of certainty.The indicative mood is the only one to give designation concerning time (past, present, and future). In practice, they are translated into English the same. 27a. INFINITIVES, on the other hand, are not limited by person and number. The infinitive mood is a form of the verb. In Greek, all of the verbs we have studied so far can be described as finite. Like the English infinitive, the Greek infinitive can be used like a noun phrase ("It is better to live than to die"), as well as to reflect purpose or result ("This was done to fulfil what the prophet said"). An infinitive is purpose if it stands alone in expressing an idea of purpose. Any other words or phrases that modify the action of the infinitive phrase, such as the direct object of a transitive infinitive or a prepositional phrase. Using λυω, the different forms of the infinitive are Present Active - λυειν; Present Middle / Passive - λυεσθαι; Aorist Active - λυσαι; Aorist Middle - λυσασθαι In English, an infinitive verb is expressed using the word "to" before the verb (e.g. He told me to sit still, if I wished to hear. 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